Ta’addanci: Nijeriya ta kasance ta uku mafi yawan kasashe masu tasiri

Duk da mutuwar ta'addanci da kashi 16 cikin dari a shekarar 2017, an sake lissafin Nijeriya a matsayin daya daga cikin kasashe biyar da ta'addanci suka fi fama da ta'addanci a shekara ta 2018 na Global Terrorism Index.

Boko Haram soldiers

Duk da mutuwar ta’addanci da kashi 16 cikin dari a shekarar 2017, an sake lissafin Nijeriya a matsayin daya daga cikin kasashe biyar da ta’addanci suka fi fama da ta’addanci a shekara ta 2018 na Global Terrorism Index.

Ƙasar ta kasance a matsayin matsayi na uku, wadda ta kasance a cikin jerin sunayen 2017.

Yawan mutuwar da aka danganci ta’addanci a kasar ya fadi zuwa 1,532 a shekarar 2017 daga 1832 a shekarar 2016. Rushewar ya biyo bayan mutuwar kashi 63 cikin dari a mutuwar Najeriya a shekarar da ta wuce kuma kashi 34 cikin 100 a shekarar 2015.

Sauran ƙasashen da aka lissafa a cikin sutura guda biyar sune Afghanistan, Iraki, Pakistan da Siriya.

Ta’addar Ta’addanci ta Duniya, wadda Cibiyar Harkokin Tattalin Arziki da Zaman Lafiya ta samar, ta dogara ne da bayanan da suka fito daga Bayanin Ta’addanci na Duniya (GTD).

Shafin ya nuna mutuwar ta’addanci kuma ya ki yarda da kashi 27 cikin dari (18,814) daga duniya a tsakanin 2016 zuwa 2017, tare da mafi girma aukuwa a Iraq da Siriya.

“Shekaru a kowace shekara ya mutu a sakamakon mutuwar da aka samu a cikin yawan hare-haren, wanda ya karu da kashi 23 cikin 100 daga 2016 zuwa 2017,” in ji IEP a cikin taƙaitaccen index na 2018.

Rahoton ya nuna cewa kasashe 10 ne kawai suka kai kashi 84 cikin 100 na mutuwar ta’addanci, tare da kudaden kudi na ayyukan ta’addanci da aka kashe a dala biliyan 52. Rahoton ya bayyana cewa, farashin “yana iya zama mafi girma.”

Al-Shabaab ya yi mummunan harin na 2017, wanda ya kashe mutane 587. A Misira, asalin jihar Sinai na jihar Sinai ya kai hari ta biyu, wanda ya kashe mutane 311.

Game da Nijeriya, rahotanni ya lura cewa tashin hankalin fastoci a Najeriya a cikin shekarar da ta gabata, tare da ‘yan adawa Fulani wadanda ke dauke da wasu hare-hare a cikin watanni shida da suka wuce, sun tasiri tasirin gwamnatin Najeriya kan ta’addanci.

A cewar rahoton, ” Boko Haram da ‘yan Fulani’ ‘sun yi sanadiyyar mutuwar yawan mutanen da suka mutu. Kungiyar ‘yan ta’adda ta Bachama ta kasance a matsayin rukuni na uku.

Fulani ‘yan adawar sun dauki alhakin mutuwar 321, kashi 60 cikin 100 na yawan mutuwar da suka gabata.

Kodayake hare-haren da ake danganta da Boko Haram sun karu da kashi 62 cikin dari, mutuwar da kungiyar ta’addanci ta haifar, ta ragu da kashi 34 zuwa 10,022.

Magoya bayan Bachama, a cewar GTI, suna da alhakin mutuwar 30 sakamakon hare-hare guda hudu.

Rahoton ya lura cewa, ci gaban da ake samu, game da yakin da Nijeriya ke yi, game da ta’addanci, ta yaudare irin yadda gwamnati ke fama da shirin na tsawon lokaci, don} arfafa ta’addanci.

“Baya ga shirin da aka yi na rushewa, Gwamnatin Najeriya ta yi kokari tare da shawarwari da kuma kokarin sake shiga tsakani na tsawon lokaci don magance Boko Haram da abokansa.”

Gwamnatin Najeriya ta yi nasara wajen yaki da ta’addanci, duk da cewa, GTI ya ci gaba da cewa Boko Haram har yanzu yana da karfi mai tsanani kuma Jihar Borno ta kasance mummunan hare hare a shekarar 2017.

“Daga cikin hare-haren da ‘yan Boko Haram 10 suka yi a shekara ta 2017, duka sun kasance a Nijeriya da tara sun kasance a Jihar Borno,” in ji GTI.

“Babban harin da kungiyar ke kaiwa shi ne wani hari da aka kai a kan wani dakin bincike wanda ke kashe mutane 69, mafi yawansu fararen hula ne.

Maida martani

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